Types of hearing loss and conditions

Types of Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is categorised into three types – sensorineural, conductive and mixed.

Sensorineural hearing loss results from damage to the delicate sensory cells or nerve fibres in the inner ear. Sensorineural hearing loss is is most common type of hearing loss, and in most cases it is permanent. 

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Conductive hearing loss is caused by problems in the outer and middle ear, which affects the transmission of sound to the inner ear. Conductive hearing loss can be temporary / treatable or permanent. 

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Mixed hearing loss

Some people have both sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. With mixed hearing loss the sensorineural component of the hearing loss is permanent, while the conductive component may be permanent or temporary.

Other Hearing Conditions

Mackay Hearing can also assist with other conditions that are not defined as hearing loss but can affect hearing health.

Tinnitus is a perceived internal noise that only you can hear; commonly heard as a ringing, buzzing, static or ‘insect-like’ (especially cicadas) noise. Tinnitus can be experienced intermittently or constantly, mildly or severely and can be present with or without hearing loss.   

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Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) involves a breakdown in understanding sound. Rather than a loss of hearing, CAPD is when our brain isn’t able to make sense of what our ears hear.

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